Dr Richard Tian


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Dr Richard Tian

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Dr Richard Tian
Research Scientist

Chesapeake Bay Program Office

410 Severn Avenue
Suite 109
Annapolis, MD 21403
USA

Phone: (410) 295-1328
Fax: (410) 267-5777
Email: rtian@chesapeakebay.net

Richard Tian Integration and Application Network Dr Richard Tian Research Scientist Richard Tian Photo workfax(410) 267-5777 work(410) 295-1328 Chesapeake Bay Program Office
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410 Severn Avenue Suite 109
Annapolis MD 21403 USA

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PERSONAL DETAILS

NameRichard Tian
Emailrtian@chesapeakebay.net

EDUCATION
1991    PhD from the University of Bordeaux
1988    MS from the University of Bordeaux
1986    BA from Shandong College of Oceanography.

EMPLOYMENT
2012-           Research Scientist. UMCES Chesapeake Bay Program, Annapolis, Maryland
2011-2012    Scientist. Applied Science Associates, Rhode Island.
2005-2011    Research Scientist. University of Massachusetts Dartmouth.
2002-2005    Research Associate. Harvard University
1996-2002    Research Associate. University of Newfoundland and DFO.
1991-1996    Postdoctoral fellow. University of Pierre & Marie Curie.

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
I mostly devoted my career in marine ecosystem and water quality modeling. The scientific scope of my research ranges from biogeochemical cycles, through nutrient dynamics, ecosystem function at the primary and secondary production levels to fish larvae, with over 30 papers published in peer-reviewed journals. Sewage discharge and its impact on water quality parameters and ecosystem function constitute a major topic of my career. At Harvard University, I was the lead scientist in developing the Generalized Biological Model (GBM), which consists of 7 functional groups covering suspended detritus, nutrient dynamics, primary production and secondary trophic flows. This generic model with flexible structure was coupled with the Harvard Ocean Prediction System (HOPS) and applied to Monterey Bay for adaptive modeling application. At the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, we improved the GBM with more function options, coupled the model with the Finite-Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) using unstructured grid and finite-volume algorithms and extended the model package to fish larvae with a Lagrangian individual-based population dynamics model (IBM) implemented. The coupled package was applied to the Gulf of Maine and Georges Bank region over multiple decades. On water quality modeling, we coupled the HydroQual RCA model to FVCOM and applied the system to Boston Harbor, Massachusetts Bay and Abu-Dhabi embayment (UAE) for environmental monitoring, assessment and mitigation analysis.

Cross the board in Canada, I was essentially involved in biological model development and application. I developed a biological and biogeochemical model of 11 components with data assimilation and parameter estimation procedures and applied the model in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the Labrador Sea. Back to France, I developed an environmental perturbation model of lead based on industrial discharge, leaded gasoline consumption, governmental policy, atmospheric deposition, physical and biogeochemical cycles in the Mediterranean Sea. Before modeling though, I was essentially a sea-going person for sampling and analysis of nutrients, primary production and environmental indicators during my graduate studies.

FELLOWSHIPS/AWARDS/GRANTS
2008: NSF Biological Oceanography funded proposal: Interannual Variability of Coastal Phytoplankton Blooms in the Gulf of Maine and Their Relationships to Local and Remote Forcings.
2001: Canadian AquaNet funded project EI5: Environmental Requirements for Sustainable Shellfish Aquaculture.
1999: Newfoundland Human Capacity Building Scholarship.
1996: Canada DFO Postdoctoral Fellowship.
1992: French NSF (CRS) Postdoctoral Fellowship.
1990: Award of Best Young Scientist Papers, Chinese National Conference on Estuarine Studies.
1986: Chinese Government Oversea Graduate Fellowship.

SPECIAL SKILLS
Programming in FORTRAN, MATLAB, BASIC, SAS, R and NetCDF with Unix and Linux operating systems; biogeochemical analyses; statistical analyses and numerical modeling; extensive experience at sea; trilingual (English, French and Chinese). Reviewer for Marine Ecology Progress Series, Continental Shelf Research, Deep-Sea Research, Journal of Plankton Research, Graphical Modeling, Geophysical Research Letter, Ecological Modeling, Journal of Sea Research and Ecological Application.

PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, J.H. Qi, R.B. Ji, R.C. Beardsley, and C. Davis(2012) Seasonal and Interannual Variability of Nutrients and Phytoplankton Dynamics in the Gulf of Maine: A Decadal Simulation Using an Unstructured-grid NPZD Model. Marine Ecology Progress Series, in press.

Hu, S., Chen C.S., Ji R.B., Townsend, D.W., Tian, R.C., Beardsley, R.C. and Davis, C.S. A process-oriented modeling study of impacts of surface forcing on interannual variability of fall phytoplankton bloom in the Gulf of Maine. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427, 29-49, doi: 10.3354/meps09043

Lai, Z.G., Changsheng Chen, C.S., Robert C. Beardsley, R.C., Brian Rothschild, B. and Tian, R.C. 2010. Impact of high-frequency nonlinear internal waves on plankton dynamics in Massachusetts Bay, Journal of Marine Research, 68: 259–281.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, K.D.E. Stokesbury, B.J. Rothschild, Q. Xu, S. Hu, G.W. Cowles, B.P. Harris and M.C. Marino II (2009) Modeling the connectivity between sea scallop populations in the Middle Atlantic Bight and over Georges Bank. Marine Ecology Progress Series 390: 147-160.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, K.D.E. Stokesbury, B.J Rothschild, Q. Xu, S. Hu, G.W. Cowles, B.P. Harris and M.C. Marino II (2009) Sensitivity analysis of sea scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) larvae trajectories to hydrodynamic model configuration on Georges Bank and adjacent coastal regions. Fisheries Oceanography 18: 173-184.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, K.D.E. Stokesbury, B.J Rothschild, Q. Xu, S. Hu, G.W. Cowles, B.P. Harris and M.C. Marino II (2009) Dispersal and settlement of sea scallop larvae spawned in the fishery closed areas on Georges Bank. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 66:2155-2164. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsp175.

Tian, R.C. and C.S. Chen, 2006. Influence of model geometrical fitting and turbulence parameterization on phytoplankton simulation on Georges Bank, Gulf of Maine. Deep-Sea Research II 53: 2808-2832.

Tian, R.C., 2006. Toward standard parameterizations in marine biological modeling. Ecological Modelling, 193, 363-386.

Patrikalakis, N.M., J.J. McCarthy, A.R. Robinson, H. Schmidt, C. Evangelinos, P.J. Haley, S. Lalis, P.F.J. Lermusiaux, R.C. Tian, W.G. Leslie and W. Cho, 2006. Towards a dynamic data driven system for rapid adaptive interdisciplinary ocean forecasting. In: F. Darema (ed.) Dynamic-Data Driven Application Systems. Kluwer Academic Publisher, Amsterdam, pp.34-55.

Lermusiaux, P.F.J., C. Evangelinos, R.C. Tian and P.J. Haley, 2005. Adaptive coupled physical and biogeochemical ocean predictions: A conceptual basis. In: Darema, F., M. Buback, G.D. van Albada, P.M.A. Sllot and J.J. Krakow (eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3038: 685-692, Springer, Berlin.

Tian, R.C., D. Deibel and R. Rivkin, A. Vezina, 2004 Biogenic carbon and nitrogen export in a deep-convection region: simulations in the Labrador Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part I 51: 413-437.

Tian, R.C., D. Deibel, R. Thompson and R. Rivkin, 2003. Modeling of climate forcing on a cold-ocean ecosystem, Conception Bay, Newfoundland. Marine Ecology Progress Series 262: 1-17.

Tian, R.C., A. Vezina, D. Deibel and R. Rivkin, 2003. Sensitivity of biogenic carbon export to ocean climate in the Labrador Sea, a deep-water formation region. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(4): 1-11.

Tian, R.C., A. Vezina, M. Starr and F. Saucier, 2001. Seasonal dynamics of coastal ecosystems and export production at high latitudes: a modeling study. Limnology and Oceanography 46: 1845-1859.

Packard, T., W. Chen, D. Blasco, A. Vezina, R.C. Tian, L. St-Amand, J.C. Therriault, L. Legendre and R.C. Ingram, 2000. Dissolved organic carbon in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Deep-Sea Research 47: 435-460.

Tian, R. C., A. Vezina, L. Legendre, T. Packard, S. Roy, C. Savenkoff, N. Silverberg  and J.E. Trembley, 2000. Effects of pelagic food-web interactions and nutrient remineralization on the biogeochemical cycling of carbon: a modeling approach. Deep-Sea Research 47: 637-662.

Rivkin, R., R.C. Tian, M.R. Anderson, J. Payne and D. Deibel, 2000. Ecosystem level effects of offshore platform discharges-identification, assessment and modeling. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2331: 3-12.

Tian R.C., J.C. Marty, E. Nicolas, J. Chiaverini, D. Ruiz-Pino and M.D. Pizay, 1997. Iodine speciation: a potential indicator to evaluate new production versus regenerated production, Deep-Sea Research 43: 723-738.

Tian, R.C. and A. Vezina, 1997. Fonctionnement de l'écosystème du Golfe du Saint-Laurent, une approche de modélisation (Function of the ecosystem of the Gulf of St. Lawrence). Nouvelles des Sciences, Pêches et Océans 7: 5-8 (in French).

Migon, C., C. Mori, A. Orsini and R.C. Tian, 1996. Arsenic and Antimony contamination in riverine environments. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 52: 221-230.

Tian R.C. and E. Nicolas, 1995. Iodine speciation in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea: method and vertical profiles. Marine Chemistry 48: 151-156.

Tian R.C. and D. Ruiz-Pino, 1995. Simulation and prediction of anthropogenic lead perturbation in the Mediterranean Sea. The Science of the Total Environment 164: 135-150.

Tian, R.C., M.A. Sicre and A. Saliot, 1995. Biogeochemistry of organic compounds in the Changjiang Estuary. J. of East China Normal University 21: 121-133.

Sicre M.A., R.C. Tian and A. Saliot, 1994. Distribution of sterols in suspended particles in the Changjiang Estuary. Marine Chemistry 44: 11-24.

Tian R.C., F.X. Hu and J.M. Martin, 1993. Summer nutrient fronts in the Changjiang Estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 37: 24-41.

Tian R.C., F.X. Hu and A. Saliot, 1993. Biogeochemical processes controlling nutrient behaviors in the Changjiang Estuary. Biogeochemistry 19: 83-102.

Sicre M.A., R.C. Tian and A. Saliot, 1993. Aquatic distribution of 4-desmethyl sterols in the Changjiang Estuary and adjacent East China Sea. Organic Geochemistry 21: 1-10.

Tian, R.C. and J.Z. Zhou, 1993. Nutrient dynamics in the Changjiang Estuary. J. of East China Normal University 19: 128-138.

Tian R.C., M.A. Sicre and A. Saliot, 1992. Biogeochemistry of sedimentary sterols in the Changjiang Estuary. Organic Geochemistry 18: 843-850.

Tian R.C., J.Y. Chen, C.Z. Liu and X.J. Wang, 1992. Geochemical characteristics of box corer sediments in the Changjiang Estuary region. Chinese J. Oceanography and. Limnology 10: 1-8.

Tian R.C., J.Y. Chen and J.Z. Zhou, 1991. Dual geochemical and biogeochemical filtration effect of the Changjiang Estuary. Chinese J. Oceanography and. Limnology 9: 23-41.

Tian R.C., 1990. Remineralization of organic carbon at the sediment-water interface. Limnology and Oceanography Sinica 19: 127-132 .


REPORTS AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS

Tian, R.C., K. Knee and C. Swanson (2012) Environmental Mitigation Analysis Using Particle Trajectory Modeling For Abu Dhabi Corniches. ASA report, 2012-162.

Tian, R.C. and Y. Kim (2012) Inter-model comparison of SABGOM, NGOM, HYCOM and ADCIRC in northern Gulf of Mexico. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill (DWHOS) Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) Conference, Mar. 27-29, 2012, South Kingstown, R.I. (Presentation)

Zhao, L.Z. ,Tian R.C., Xue P., Chen C. , Leo W.S., Mickelson M.J. 2011. Modeling 2010 in Massachusetts Bay using the unstructured-grid Bays Eutrophication Model. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report 2011-09. 118p.

Tian, R.C., Chen, C., Zhao, L.Z., Xue, P., Leo, W.S., Mickelson M.J. 2010. Modeling 2009 in Massachusetts Bay using the unstructured‑grid Bays Eutrophication Model. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report 2010‑22. 100p.

Chen C, Tian R.C., Beardsley R.C., Qi J. and Xu Q. 2010. Modeling 2008 in Massachusetts Bay using an upgraded unstructured-grid Bays Eutrophication Model. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report 2010-15. 128p.

Tian, R.C. 2010.Connectivity and remote forcing in ecosystem function and population dynamics in the Northwest Atlantic. ICES Northwest Atlantic Regional Sea Meeting,  20-22 April 2010, Woods Hole.  ICES CM 2010/SSGRSP:03, 48-49.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, Kevin D.E. Stokesbury, Brian J. Rothschild 2010. Interannual variability of sea scallop larval dispersion and settlement over Georges Bank: A model simulation experiment. 2010 AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting, Poster IT45F-01, 22-26 February 2010, Portland, Oregon.

Tian R.C., Chen C, Xu Q, Xue P, Cowles GW, Beardsley RC, Rothschild BJ. 2009. The Massachusetts Bay water quality model: 2006-2007 simulation. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report 2009-11. 124 p.

Chen C, Beardsley RC, Xu Q, Mickelson MJ, Tian R, Xue P, Cowles GW, Rothschild BJ. 2009. The Massachusetts Bay hydrodynamic model: 2006-2007 simulation. Boston: Massachusetts Water Resources Authority. Report 2009-10. 77 p.

Lai, Z.G., Chen,C.S., Tian,R.C., Beardsley,R.C., and Cowles, G. 2009. Impacts of high-frequency internal waves on plankton dynamics in Massachusetts Bay, Gulf of Maine. Gordon Research Conference, June 7-12, 2009, New London, New Hampshire.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, K. Stokesbury, B. Rothschild, G. Cowles, Q.C. Xu, S. Hu, B. Harris and M. Marino II 2008. Sea scallop larvae connectivity between the Middle Atlantic Bight and Georges Bank. Mid-Atlantic Bight Physical Oceanography and Meteorology Meeting, September 22-23, 2008, Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, K. Stokesbury, B. Rothschild, G. Cowles, Q.C. Xu, S. Hu, B. Harris and M. Marino II 2008. Interannual variability in sea scallop larval dispersal and settlement on Georges Bank: a modeling experiment. 100th Annual National Shell fisheries Association Conference. Providence, Apr. 6-10 2008.

Tian, R.C. 2008. A modeling exploration of connection between sea scallop population in the Middle Atlantic Bight and over Georges Bank. AGU-ASLO 2008 Ocean Science Meeting. Orlando, Mar. 3-6, 2008.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, K, Stokesbury, B. Rothschild, G. Cowles and Q.C. Xu 2007. Analysis on the efficiency of fishery closed area as scallop larval replenishment sources on Georges Bank using Lagrangian trajectory simulation. 2007 World Conference on Natural Resource Modeling. June 19-22, 2007. Cape Cod MA, USA.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, K, Stokesbury and B. Rothschild 2007. A Lagrangian individual-based population dynamic model of sea scallop coupled with a Eulerian concentration-based ecosystem model. 2007 World Conference on Natural Resource Modeling. June 19-22, 2007. Cape Cod MA, USA.

Tian, R.C., C.S. Chen, Rothschild, K. Stokesbury, 2006. Influence of physical models and turbulence parameterizations on phytoplankton simulation on Georges Bank, Gulf of Maine. AGU Ocean Science Meeting, Feb. 20-24, 2006, Honolulu.

Leslie, W.G., A.R. Robinson, P.J. Haley Jr., P.F. Lermusiaux, X. Liang, R.C. Tian, O. Logutov and P. Moreno.Forecasting of multi-scale ocean dynamics with the Harvard Ocean Prediction System (HOPS) during AOSN-II. AGU Ocean Science Meeting, Feb. 20-24, 2006, Honolulu.

P.J. Haley Jr., P.J., A.R. Robinson, P.F. Lermusiaux, W.G. Leslie, X. Liang, R.C. Tian, O. Logutov, P. Moreno, C. Evangelinos and N. Patrikalakis. Advances in adaptive, interdisciplinary, multi-scale, distributed, web-based, ocean prediction. AGU Ocean Science Meeting, Feb. 20-24, 2006, Honolulu.

Tian, R.C. and C.S. Chen, 2005. User-adjustable biological modules of FVCOM. SMAST Oceanographic Resport.

Tian, R.C., P. Lermusiaux, A.R. Robinson and J.J. McCarthy, 2005. Adaptive physical and biological modeling in Monterey Bay, California. AOSN-II Monterey Bay Workshop, Oct. 20-21, Napa Valley.

Tian, R.C., P. Lermusiaux, A.R. Robinson and J.J. McCarthy, 2004. A generalized biogeochemical-ecosystem dynamic model of pelagic ecosystems: Structure, parameterization and adaptive modeling. Harvard Oceanographic Reports, No 66, 78p.

Tian, R.C., D. Deibel, M. R. Anderson, R.B. Rivkin, R. Thompson, J. E. Stacey and D. Churchill, 2001. Numerical modeling in mussel aquaculture. Aquanet Annual Meeting I, Sep. 29-Oct. 2, Halifax.

Tian, R.C., D. Deibel and R. Thompson, 2001. Modeling of climate forcing on cold-ocean ecosystems: application in Conception Bay, Newfoundland. ASLO 2001 Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Albuquerque, p. 141.

Vezina, A., R.C. Tian, M. Starr and F. Saucier, 2000. Seasonal trophic dynamics and export production: a modeling and data assimilation study. ASLO Ocean Sciences Meeting, pp. 302, February 24-28, San Antonio.

Tian, R.C. and A. Vezina, 2000. Sensitivity of carbon export to ocean climate in the Labrador Sea: a modeling approach. EOS 80 (No 49): p. 303.

Vezina, A., C. Savenkoff and R.C. Tian, 1999. A modeling investigation of vertical export processes in margin seas. ASLO Aquatic Sciences Meeting, pp. 332, February 10-14, Santa Fe, New Mexico (Abstract).

Tian, R.C., A. Vezina and L. Legendre, 1996. Modeling of carbon biogeochemical cycles in cold seas: an application to the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. In: Modeling Hydrodynamically Dominated Marine Ecosystems. 28th International Liége Colloquium of Ocean Hydrodynamics, pp. 40 (abstract).

Tian, R.C., A. Vezina and L. Legendre, 1995. Modélisation des cycles biogéochimiques du carbone dans les mers froides (Modeling of biogeochemical cycles of carbon in cold seas). Modélisation JGOFS-France, 22: 34-40 (in French).

Tian, R.C., 1994. Biogeochemical cycles of iodine in the Mediterranean Sea. Postdoctoral Report, Observatoire Océanologique de Villefranche, 23pp.

Tian, R.C., 1993. Biogeochemical behaviors of lipids in the Changjiang Estuary. Postdoctoral Report, Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie Marines,Univ. Paris VI, 61pp.