One approach to the development of better coastal and marine policy and management is the concept of marine managed areas (MMAs). A MMA is an area of ocean, or combination of land and ocean, where human activities are managed toward common goals. MMAs are a form of ecosystem-based management, where all elements of a particular system are considered together. When the principles of a marine managed area are fully implemented, the resulting benefits to both the environment and humans can be optimized.

Marine managed areas

One approach to the development of better coastal and marine policy and management is the concept of marine managed areas (MMAs). A MMA is an area of ocean, or combination of land and ocean, where human activities are managed toward common goals. MMAs are a form of ecosystem-based management, where all elements of a particular system are considered together. When the principles of a marine managed area are fully implemented, the resulting benefits to both the environment and humans can be optimized.

diagram marine protected areas ocean zoning schemes subareas buffer zones restrictions protection no-take multiple-use spawning nursery grounds

Author(s)Caroline Donovan
Author CompanyIntegration and Application Network
Date Created2010-01-01
AlbumHuman > Management/Restoration
TypeGraphic
Project(s)Conservation International: Science communication products
Dimensions1000 x 768
Filesize422 kB
Number of Downloads123
Filetype(s) PNG
LicenseAttribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Required AttributionCaroline Donovan, Integration and Application Network (ian.umces.edu/media-library)