It’s alive! Tips for creating maps that take on a life of their ownDylan Taillie ·
Similar to a good Halloween costume, you want any map you create to convey a clear and understandable message that it doesn’t take long for the viewer to digest. Someone viewing your map should not need to take more than a minute or two to understand it’s purpose. Also similar to a Halloween costume, the big winners in map creation pay very close attention to detail.
So, you don’t need to be Dr. Frankenstein to create a map that lives. You just need to be smart and thoughtful in the design of your map.
Michelle Canick’s blog ‘Goldilocks: The Unheralded Mapping Guru’ focused on “choosing wisely” when designing your map and adding each element to your map. To expand on this point, I’d like to focus in on a few tips that can help your map stand out from the crowd.
1. Be creative but design conscious. Holly Padgett added symbols to her map of Elk Distribution that immediately grab the viewer’s attention. The symbols she added, however, seem to only add to the map and not distract from the message. This is because they are in white space below the map and a locator map and legend also take up the white space, so the symbols do not distract from the message – just add to it.
2. Include what’s important and pertinent. Think about how you will be presenting the map. Will it be in a large document? Will it be a standalone slide in a PowerPoint Presentation? If you will mention a small town that you stayed in close by to a study site, should you include this town on your map to orient your audience?
3. Colors: how to stay pretty, not pretty ridiculous. Michelle did a great job going into detail about this but I just wanted to reiterate. Contrast is good. Choose colors according to what you want to stand out. In Katie’s ‘before’ map, the yellow background really distracted from the message she was communicating about communities in the watershed. As you can see in the second map, the faded color in the surrounding lands really makes this message pop. She also softened out the colors overall, making the map easier to look at. Also consider colors that go along the lines with your theme - if you are grading a river, make the healthy parts green and the unhealthy ones an orange or red. If the map will be in a larger document, think about coloring the title and legend to match the theme of this document.
4. When combining your data with a map, try and try again. There are many different ways one can display data on a map. Heat maps can show population changes, but you could also show population growth using circles that get larger and larger in further iterations of the map. Similarly, you could show your study sites as simple dots or you could add more information to each dot (for example if you are sampling for biogeochemical makeup of a certain site, you could show the sand/mud ratio’s on the map instead of in a different table). At this point you will be giving your map a voice not only about where you sampled, but your actual results.
5. Keep your audience in mind, but give your map some life. We discussed this a bit in class last week. If you are presenting your map to a small community audience who are very familiar with the surrounding area, do you really need a locator map? In the end, we say yes. This is because well-designed maps often go further than their original purpose. You don’t necessarily want to design your map at the output so anyone can use it, but it is not a bad idea to keep in mind as you are creating your map that your audience may broaden over time.
6. Input, input and more input. Similar to the feedback each week in Science Visualization, the more eyes that glance over your map before finalizing it, the clearer the map will be in the end. Getting more input will almost always improve your map, and at the very least will help you to look at it from someone’s eyes who are less familiar with the project.
If you keep these few tips in mind, and the in depth advice from ‘Goldilocks: The Unheralded Mapping Guru’, the maps that you create will at least be able to speak for themselves. Although, I don’t see them getting up and walking around anytime soon…
About the author
Dylan is a Science Communicator with IAN. He has experience in various areas of visual information, science communication and technical analyses. Strengths in data management, environmental assessment and stakeholder engagement. He has worked with IAN in various positions since 2016 and enjoys fishing and hiking.