Fort Monroe National Historical Park Natural Resource Condition Assessment
Fort Monroe National Monument is located at the tip of the Virginia Peninsula in Hampton, Virginia. The site includes the largest stone fort built in the United States and was formally added to the National Park System in 2011, recognizing millennia of human interactions with this landscape.
Natural resources within the 325-acre park boundary include an ecologically diverse and productive saltmarsh cordgrass wetlands within Mill Creek. Marsh birds, shorebirds, songbirds, and other bird species can be observed in the park in greater abundance and diversity than any other group of animals. Management issues of concern include rising sea level, the effects of increasingly frequent and intense coastal storms, history of military use, water quality degradation, introduction of exotic species, air pollution, habitat fragmentation, and the impacts of recreational use.