Elucidating terrestrial nutrient sources to a coastal lagoon, Chincoteague Bay, Maryland, USA (Page 1)

Elucidating terrestrial nutrient sources to a coastal lagoon, Chincoteague Bay, Maryland, USA

Fertig BM, O’Neil JM, Beckert KA, Cain CJ, Needham DM, Carruthers TJB, and Dennison WC ·
2013

Long-term non-linear ecosystem-scale changes in water quality and biotic communities in coastal lagoons have been associated with intensification of anthropogenic pressures. In light of incipient changes in Johnson Bay (an embayment of Chincoteague Bay, Maryland-Virginia, USA), examination of nitrogen sources was conducted through synoptic water quality monitoring, stable nitrogen isotope signatures (deltaN-15) of in situ bioindicators, and denitrification estimates.


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Popular Education for Water Sustainability: Three Lessons from Reflective Practice (Page 1)

Popular Education for Water Sustainability: Three Lessons from Reflective Practice

Oliver P, Dennison WC ·
2013

Between them, the authors of this paper have over sixty years experience in water education working in primary and secondary schools, universities, field study centres, professional development programs; and with community, industry, and government groups, focusing on coastal zones and catchments. Over the last three years, they have undertaken a systematic process of personal and dialogic reflection and deliberation on this experience, particularly in the area of popular education.


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Studying Nature In Situ: Immersive Education for Better Integrated Water Management (Page 1)

Studying Nature In Situ: Immersive Education for Better Integrated Water Management

Dennison WC, Oliver P ·
2013

The term immersive education is currently used in two educational areas – language education, which involves students being totally immersed in a language and its culture; and virtual education, where teachers use computers and simulation games to immerse learners in a virtual, computer-generated environment that mimics a real-world environment and allows learners to interact with it.


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Restoration of overwash processes creates piping plover (Charadrius melodus) habitat on a barrier island (Assateague Island, Maryland)

Schupp CA, Winn NT, Pearl TL, Kumer JP, Carruthers TJB, and Zimmerman CS ·
2013

On Assateague Island, an undeveloped barrier island along Maryland and Virginia, a foredune was constructed to protect the island from the erosion and breaching threat caused by permanent jetties built to maintain Ocean City Inlet. Scientists and engineers integrated expertise in vegetation, wildlife, geomorphology, and coastal engineering in order to design a habitat restoration project that would be evaluated in terms of coastal processes rather than static features.


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Reduction of the temperature sensitivity of soil organic matter decomposition with sustained temperature increase

Craine JM, Fierer N, McLauchlan KK, and Elmore AJ ·
2013

The degree to which microbial communities adjust their decomposition of soil carbon over time in response to long-term increases in temperature is one of the key uncertainties in our modeling of the responses of terrestrial ecosystems to warming. To better understand changes in temperature sensitivity of soil microbial communities to long-term increases in soil temperature, we incubated 27 soils for one year with both short-term and long-term manipulations of temperature.


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A social and ecological imperative for ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change in the Pacific Islands (Page 1)

A social and ecological imperative for ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change in the Pacific Islands

Hills T, Carruthers TJB, Chape S, and Donohoe P ·
2013

Climate change is predicted to have a range of impacts on Pacific Island ecosystems and the services they provide for current and future development. There are a number of characteristics that can make adaptation approaches that utilise the benefits of ecosystems a compelling and viable alternative to other adaptation approaches.


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Improving management of a mid-Atlantic coastal barrier island through assessment of habitat condition (Page 1)

Improving management of a mid-Atlantic coastal barrier island through assessment of habitat condition

Carruthers TJB, Beckert K, Schupp CA, Saxby TA, Kumer JP, Thomas JE, Sturgis B, Dennison WC, Williams M, Fisher T, and Zimmerman CS ·
2013

To achieve desired environmental outcomes, environmental condition and trends need to be rigorously measured and communicated to resource managers, scientists, and a broader general audience. However, there is often a disconnect between responsive ecosystem monitoring and decision making for strategic long-term management. This project demonstrates how historical monitoring data can be synthesized and used for future planning and decision making, thereby closing the management feedback cycle.


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Channel head locations in forested watersheds across the mid-Atlantic United States: A physiographic analysis

Julian JP, Elmore AJ, and Guinn SM ·
2012

Channel heads are the beginning of river networks and thus knowing their location is important in assessing water resources and health threats to fluvial ecosystems. Despite their importance, most channel heads are unmapped. Remote sensing technologies have not yet proven effective under forested canopies, suggesting that predictive models of channel head locations are the best solution to the impracticality of field-mapping the millions of these features that exist in the U.S. alone.


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Megacities in the coastal zone: Using a driver-pressure-state-impact-response framework to address complex environmental problems (Page 1)

Megacities in the coastal zone: Using a driver-pressure-state-impact-response framework to address complex environmental problems

Sekovski I, Newton A, and Dennison WC ·
2012

The purpose of this study was to elaborate on the role of coastal megacities in environmental degradation and their contribution to global climate change. Although only less than 4 percent of the total world's population resides in coastal megacities, their impact on environment is significant due to their rapid development, high population densities and high consumption rate of their residents.


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